Pronounced del-fin-ee-um, the delphinium symbolizes big heartedness, fun, lightness, levity and can also indicate ardent attachment. The Delphinium is July’s Flower.
The Greeks named this flower after Delphinium Apollo, the God of the city of Delphi. Delphinium means “Little Dolphin” because the ancient Greeks saw in the shape of the spurred buds a miniscule finny dolphin.
Delphinium is a close relative of larkspur, which is a poisonous hardy annual Delphinium Hybrid. Their flowers are 2.5 cm across, arranged on a long spike measuring 20- 40cm in length. There are also branching types with several flower spikes on one plant. Stems could be as long as 100 cm. Flowers are available in a variety of different colors. In the past, botanists included larkspurs in the Delphinium genus, but today larkspurs are classified in a separate genus, Consolida.
There are approximately 250 species in the Delphinium genus, but there are three main hybrid groups that are grown as cut flowers:
- Delphinium Belladonna Group: are generally single flowered and have branched stems as tall as 1 m.
- Delphinium Pacific Hybrids and the Delphinium Elatum Group: both these varieties have either single or double blooms, and stems are non-branched and as tall as 1.5 m.
Delphinium stems tend to be fragile. If a stem becomes bent or collapses, insert a wire or stake into the stem (depending on the diameter of the stem) to repair the problem. No wilting will occur if your careful not to puncture or severe the stem.
This is a wonderful flower to use in your self made bouquets. Use Delphiniums as a line flower in design to add height and texture to an arrangement. Purchased Delphiniums will last up to 1 week in your designs, if you grow your own Delphiniums you can expect the freshly cut flower to last up to 2 weeks.
Delphinium’s unique blue color is excellent for holiday bouquets and arrangements.
Delphinium’s are a favourite of mine as they have an “old fashioned” appeal that blends well with most other flowers. Mix them with roses and Queen Anne’s Lace for an elegant, Victorian appearance.