I love roses! I would like to think that no garden is complete without a rose bush or two. Roses are undeniably beautiful and vibrant! The garden seems to come alive when there are roses around! And the best part is that there are thousands of different varieties to choose from, ranging in colour, fragrances, size and form! Moreover, rose breeders are constantly creating new varieties that are long-lasting, hardy and disease-resistant.
Roses are generally available year round at local garden centers and nurseries. There are 2 main types of roses: bare root roses and container roses. Bare root roses are shrubs with exposed roots and are often less expensive than container roses. Container roses are roses that have been grown in containers and can be planted any time of the year. Most people prefer bare root roses because they are usually hardier (can tolerate extreme temperatures.)
Roses are easier to plant than you think, even if you are just a beginner gardener.
Here are some tips and tricks for planting roses:
- Choose an area in the garden that will give the plant enough room to grow and breathe; do not overcrowd the rose bush with other trees and shrubs. The better the air flow, the greater the resistance to fungal diseases.
- New roses do not like to grow in the same soil as an old rose bush. If you want plant in the same spot, be sure to remove as much of the old soil as you can and replace with new soil.
- Make sure the soil has good drainage; a raised garden bed would be helpful.
- Roses can adapt to most soil conditions, but prefers a rich loam.
- Be sure to incorporate lots of manure or other fertilizer in the soil.
- Dig a hole approximately 15 inches deep and 18 inches wide.
- Prune back larger bushes to 6-8 inches before transplanting them into the soil.
- Roses should be planted in the spring, as soon as there is no danger of frost; new plants are better able to establish their roots in the cool, moist soil.
- The longer the growing period, the larger the number and size of blooms.
- Container roses need to have the roots teased out, so that the roots can spread more easily.
- Generally, roses do best in full sun, a minimum of 6 hours would be ideal
- Water regularly; roses need regular deep watering during the growing season. It’s best to water in the late afternoon or early morning to retain the most moisture
- It is also a good idea to apply mulch around the base of the plant.
- Newly planted roses are quite vulnerable to heat and dry weather, so be sure to protect them from wind and keep them well-watered