Echinacea can be identified by their colourful, daisy-like flowers with raised, cone-like centers. Flowers come in pink, purple, and white. Plants grow to 2-4 feet tall, depending on variety.
Coneflowers are among the most popular cultivated plants in North America. Gardeners enjoy growing these showy perennials because they are easy to grow, low maintenance and drought tolerant. They would be ideal for borders and backgrounds, adding colour, beauty and texture to the wildflower meadows and prairie gardens. Flowers bloom from summer until fall, while attracting butterflies and bees!
Plant in masses for the best effect. They also do well in container gardening. Plant in full sun or partial shade in the spring. They can tolerate just most soil types, including poor soils. Deadhead to encourage new blooms. Plants can be divided in the early spring.
Coneflowers make excellent cut flowers and the seed heads can be used in dried arrangements.
Climate Zones: 3-9
Fun Flower Facts about Echinacea (Coneflower)
- The name Echinacea is derived from the Greek word ekhinos, meaning “hedgehodge or sea urchin” referring to the spiky center.
- Echinacea is used in herbal medicine. Historically, North American Plains Natives used the fresh roots and root juice to treat toothaches, sore throats, snakebites and blood poisoning. Today, many people take echinacea supplements to prevent the common cold and boost the immune system.
- Sea Urchin Flower (sewaneeherbarium.wordpress.com)
- Bee Assassin on Coneflower (beetlesinthebush.wordpress.com)
- Harvest: echinacea (guerrerostreetgarden.wordpress.com)