Chrysanthemum (or mum) is a genus of flowering plants native to China that belongs to the Asteraceae family. It is related to the aster, dahlia, pot marigold, zinnia and strawflower. It is one of the top 5 most popular plants in the world. Plant breeders are constantly creating new varieties each year. There hundreds of different varieties available, ranging in colours, sizes and forms.
Chrysanthemums can be two different types: standard and spray. Standard chrysanthemums will produce a single flower head at the end of a stem, while spray or bunch chrysanthemums can have 3-7 blooms per stem. In both categories, flowers can be single or double bloom. Flower forms include daisy, spider, fuji, cushion, button and disbud. Chrysanthemums come in a wide range of colours, including: white, yellow, red, orange and pink and bi-colours. Flowering period will vary with variety.
Chrysanthemums are some of the easiest flowers to grow! They do well both indoors and outdoors. Plant in a sunny spot in fertile, well-drained soil. These flowers appear in retailers and garden centers from late summer to fall. In fact, it is one of the most popular plants sold between August and November.
The chrysanthemum is one of the longest lasting cut flowers around, lasting well over two weeks! They are also available all year round, but are especially popular in the fall. As the leaves usually die before the flowers, it’s best to remove them before placing them in the vase. As well, chrysanthemums emit a large amount of ethylene gas, so it’s best to keep them away from ethylene-sensitive flowers, like carnations and orchids.
If you are looking to buy a potted chrysanthemum plant, you can order yours at GrowerDirect.com!
Climate Zones: 3-9
- The name Chrysanthemum comes from the Greek words “khrusos” meaning gold and “anthemom” meaning flower.
- As an indoor houseplant, it can help remove toxins from the air.
- Pyrethrum (C. cinerariaefolium) is used as a natural insecticide.
- The chrysanthemum symbolizes happiness and joy.
- The flowers and leaves are edible. The leaves are steamed or boiled and eaten as leafy vegetables in Chinese cuisine.
- Chrysanthemum tea is a popular drink in China. Not only is it tasty, it also has many health benefits.
- Chrysanthemum is considered the birth flower for November.
- Chrysanthemum is one of the few flowers that can be cultivated bonsai style.
- Chrysanthemum blooms can be as small as 1 centimeter or as large as 25 centimeters!
- In some European countries, the chrysanthemum is considered the flower of death and is typically used in funerals and on graves.
- In 1966, the chrysanthemum was chosen as the official flower of Chicago, IL, USA.
- In Australia, the chrysanthemum is traditionally given to mothers for Mother’s Day.