Pot Marigold or Calendula have bright yellow or orange daisy-like blossoms and long, narrow and hairy leaves. As attractive as the flowers are, some people find the strong scent of the leaves to be offensive.
Calendula is a member of the Asteraceae family, which includes asters, daisies and sunflowers. Plants grow to be 1-2 ft tall. The flowering period is from June until October.
Pot marigold is one of the most popular and reliable annuals around! These bright flowers can be found in gardens everywhere simply because they are so easy to grow from seed and can tolerate poor soils. Seeds can be started indoors or outdoors. Sow seeds in the summer or fall in a sunny spot in well-drained soil. It only takes about 10 weeks before flowers start to appear! They would be suitable for garden beds and borders. Flowers also do well in containers.
Moreover, these colourful flowers will attract butterflies and bees. As well, they make excellent companion plants for vegetable crops. Their distinctive odour help keeps garden pests away. Deadhead to extend blooming period in the summer.
If you don’t mind the smell of the leaves, pot marigolds, with their long, sturdy stems make excellent, long lasting cut flowers. Harvest flowers when they are in full bloom.
Climate zones: 3-10
Fun Flower Facts about Pot Marigold (Calendula):
- Pot marigold is October’s birth flower.
- Pot marigold has been called the “flower of the rains.” Some believe that if the flower opens in the morning, then it will rain.
- In the language of flowers, pot marigold symbolizes sorrow or sympathy.
- The flowers are edible; they have a slightly peppery taste. It is sometimes known as “Poor Man’s Saffron,” as it can be used as a substitute for the more expensive saffron. Flowers can be eaten raw or cooked.
- The leaves are also edible, but are often bitter tasting.
- The flowers can also be used as a natural food or fabric dye.
- Pot marigold has been used in traditional herbal medicine to treat wounds, eczema, burns, and insect bites.
- It is an ingredient in cosmetics, beauty products and perfumes.
- 10 Uses for Pot Marigold (Calendula) (funflowerfacts.com)